トルコの水中遺跡

トルコ、イズミルの近くのウルラ海底遺跡で発掘が始まったそうです。この調査はアンカラ大学が主体となっています。

この遺跡は2007年に紀元前7世紀頃のイカリが発見されたことが今回の調査のきっかけとなっています。この遺跡は古代の港跡で、約6000年前から使われ始めたものだと考えられており、青銅器時代には主要な港であったと考えられています。紀元前7世紀に起こった地震の被害を受けた後は衰退していったもようです。

今回の調査はイスラエルのハイファ大学などからも協力を得て発掘を行っているそうです。

19 March 2009 | Archaeologists announced today they have begun underwater excavations of the prehistoric site of Limantepe in western Turkey.

The underwater research, headed by Professor Hayat Erkanal of the Archaeology Department of the Ankara University, explores the prehistoric settlement located in the coastal town of Urla near İzmir in western Turkey.

The harbour settlement was inhabited as early as starting from 6,000 years ago and, as such, it is one of the oldest known artificial harbours in the Aegean Sea. A big part of it, including a fortification wall, was submerged in the sea due to a massive earthquake which occurred in 700 BC, according to Erkenal.

Layers from three different periods have been found at Limantepe. The lowest layer belongs to the Early Bronze Age and dates from the third millennium BC onwards. The second one dates to the Middle Bronze Age from the first half of the second millennium BC onwards.

According to experts, evidence from these two early periods indicate cultural ties with the nearby prehistoric sites of Tepekule, Bayraklı within the city of İzmir and the Panaztepe site at the mouth of the River Gediz.

The third layer belongs to the Late Bronze Age and covers the time period from the fourteenth to the thirteenth century BC, with some artifacts discovered from this period suggesting a cultural proximity with the Mycenaean culture.

According to Erkanal, Limantepe was a major sea transportation centre with large political significant in the Aegean Region in 3000 BC.

Interest in the site grew in 2007 when a wooden anchor dating from the seventh century BC was discovered wedged in the sea ground during underwater explorations. It is said that it could be the oldest such anchor ever found.

The current excavations are being carried out with the support of experts and equipment from Israel’s Haifa University.

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