水没遺跡発見の可能性について

水中考古学と多少関連したニュースです。水没遺跡発見の可能性について。オレゴン州で、このたび約10000年前の遺跡が発見されました。この発見に結びついたのは、地質学や地層の地域的分布を調べ、最も当時の遺跡がそのまま残っている場所を特定する方法をとりました。この調査・研究の結果、みごとに遺跡を見つけ出したそうです。

沈没船などは比較的探し易いのですが、水没した遺跡は見つけにくいことは否めない事実です。石器が分布しているだけではサブボトムプロファイラーなどを使ってもほとんど無理です。しかし、特定の地方の土地の隆起、地殻変動などの情報をもとに探す場所を特定する方法はこれから活用していくべきでしょう。海水の上昇などにより水没した遺跡はたくさんあるでしょうし、当時の人類がどのような水産資源を活用して生活していたか、なども研究できます。

Archaeologists find 10,000-year-old site
January 30, 2006

CORVALLIS, Ore. –Another archaeological site on the Southern Oregon coast has been determined to be about 10,000 years old, making it the second-oldest known site in the state, according to Oregon State University researchers.

The site on a bluff just south of Bandon included a large number of stone flakes, charcoal pieces and fire-cracked rock, according to Roberta Hall, professor emeritus of anthropology at Oregon State and principal investigator in the study.

There also is evidence of a stone hearth, Hall added.

“There are a lot of rock outcrops nearby that would make good sources for tools,” she said. “And it appears that tool-making is one of the activities the site may have been used for. So there is potential to find much more there.”

The site was discovered after researchers analyzed a site in 2002 at Boardman State Park north of Brookings, which eventually was dated at nearly 12,000 years old, making it the oldest coastal archaeological site in Oregon.

Both sites are unusual, not only because of their age but in how they were discovered, Hall said.

The Oregon State research team developed a model using geologic features, soil type and radiocarbon dating to pinpoint locations most likely to include the oldest sediments.

Their theory was that the older sediments hold the greatest potential for finding sites from the late Pleistocene epoch — sites older than about 11,000 years — or sites from the early Holocene epoch, the scientific name given to the period covering the last 10,000 years.

The researchers hope the methods they have developed to locate and date the ancient sites will lead to the discovery of more and older sites.

Humans may have come to Oregon earlier than 12,000 years ago, the researchers say, but finding evidence of their habitation is extremely difficult.

Most archaeological sites are found with clues such as a projectile point or stone flakes. But the Oregon coast is a tough place to conduct archaeological research because of the weather, changing sea levels, and tumultuous geologic events, including earthquakes and tsunamis, researchers say.

In addition, the ocean was much lower in those ancient periods, Hall said, “meaning that any site that was on the coast during the late Pleistocene is now under water.”

Results of their most recent study were published in the journal Radiocarbon.

The research team included Hall, geoarchaeologist and field work supervisor Loren Davis, graduate student Samuel Willis, and soil scientist Matthew Fillmore

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On the Net:

Oregon State University: http://www.orst.edu

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引用元:http://www.boston.com/news/science/articles/2006/01/30/archaeologists_find_10000_year_old_site/?rss_id=Boston.com+%2F+News

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